What is Netiquette?
As the internet developed, as with every community,
a set of unwritten rules evolved with it. Sheer numbers of users has long since
necessitated a more formal system, and netiquette has been committed to page many
Netiquette is enforced only by social pressure and agreement; the
internet has no formal means of enforcing such rules. Netiquette mostly applies
to email and newsgroups, but there are aspects relevant to the World Wide Web
What is "Flaming"?
Flaming has come to refer to almost any mail insult.
Originating in usenet, flames were carefully honed responses to real or perceived
insults; sarcastic, artistic, often literary in allusion. The art has long since
disappeared, and flame wars can be abusive, aggressive and unpleasant exchanges
in newsgroups, mailing lists and email. They are a serious reminder that it is
vital to think before mailing; an insult cannot be withdrawn. Find
How does copyright work on the
You'll find a lot of serious twaddle talked about copyright
- usually by people who should know better. Copyright applies in the exactly
the same way on the internet as in any other medium; material belongs to the person
or organisation that created the work, unless and until they choose to waive their
rights, or sell them. So anything - text, images or sound - published on the internet
belongs to someone.
In almost every country, copying something once, for
your own private use, is acceptable and legal. Republishing, selling or claiming
ownership is a different matter!
Many websites will allow - even encourage
- downloading and copying; some will ask for payment, some will forbid copying.
In law, it is usually permissible to use a reasonable amount of the document for
the purposes of review, news or discussion. In this case, the original source
should be cited. If in doubt, be guided by notices posted on the site.
be clear - there is no copyright in ideas; if something inspires you - or
simply helps you - it's good manners to give credit where it's due.
it safe to purchase via the Internet?
Yes; provided you deal with an organisation
that you trust. The chance of fraud or theft is tiny, no higher than paying for
a meal in a restaurant or ordering by telephone; probably much lower. Indeed,
the risk is so small that many companies, such as Amazon.com, offer a 100% guarantee
People do lose money on the internet, but through fraud
rather than hi-tech theft. (Consider; if you had the technology to steal via the
internet, would you divert a few pounds from a book purchase, or a few million
from a multinational corporation?). Deal with a trusted organisation and you are
probably completely safe!
What is a cookie,
and do I need them?
Cookies are items of information about your preferences,
that a site can place on your hard drive. Cookies can remember your password,
or greet you with a fond and personalised "Welcome Back" message. Many people
resent cookies as an invasion of privacy, as they are 'planted' on your computer
without you having much control. In practice, however, cookies can save you time
getting the information you want from a site, and there is scant evidence of any
problem associated with them. Cookie can be refused (through your browser options/preferences).
Is the Web full of pornography?
is a lot of pornography on the web; but it is perfectly possible to use the internet
without ever seeing any of it.The Internet
Content Rating Association was set up to develop, implement and manage
an internationally acceptable voluntary self-rating system which provides internet
users world wide with the choice to limit access to content they consider harmful,
especially to children.
How this page
This page is to help anyone with an interest in Netiquette -
or simply in the use of the internet. If you want to ask a supplementary question,
write to me - I do not promise an answer - but I'll help if I can, and may add
it to this page.
I welcome your views on the whole idea - did you find
Caveats and Legal
stated here applies or should be taken to apply to any particular person or incident.
This information DOES NOT take the place of the judgement of an individual human
being or good old fashioned courtesy, and no liability can be accepted for the
use made of this information - which is published in good faith.
is based on materials taken from all over the web. Where possible - and this is
rare, as Netiqette is a consensual product - I have identified authors. All reference
to individual work should go to the authors, who still own copyright in their
words, with my thanks for placing the information in the public domain. Any
errors or design faults are, of course, mine.
There is a "No Whingeing"
promise; please feel free to copy and use as you wish, but if you take a page,
please give appropriate credit. In return, I promise not to whinge at the free